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Arunava Sengupta

9 Years

53 Years

Manava Bharati India International School


Why we need to save tigers? Opinion by Arunava,11, Delhi

An important message about tigers – let’s read into what 11-year-old Arunava from Delhi says, in this opinion piece.

Bengal Tiger - A tale from the Sundarbans forest

In the 1970s, the population of the great wild cat, the tiger dropped down to an alarming 95%, and soon, this mighty beast found all over the new world was suddenly contained to a few constrained locations in a few parts of Asia, and a handful of places in Africa. In this blog, I will show you why the world still needs tigers and why we should do our best to save them.


Tigers are the majestic orange fur creatures that roam in the forests of mangrove and mountain, plain and plateau, national parks or biosphere (although, not all have to be orange. The Siberian tiger has a brilliant white hue that attracts poachers to this day). They are known for their bravery, leadership, and respectability. They were found in the rainforests of Africa, the mountains of Siberia, and the mangroves of india. They were most prized for their skin, their meat, their teeth and their bones, and in the earlier days, kings used to wear their garb and ride on their steeds into the forest in search for an orange-colored beast, for tigers were abundant in those days. Poets used to write their pieces about them, many stories would be centred around this great animal, and stories of vanquishing this mighty beast were spoken time and time again. However, the hunting became so great that soon, 95% of their kind were wiped away. Now however, there has been a 33% rise in the population of tigers, but we still need a lot of improvement to help in the recovery of these beasts. But why save tigers? How do they benefit this world? Let us find out. 


Tigers help a lot in the conservation of other animals, maintaining the balance in nature and being our cultural icon. The widespread influence of the tiger helps in the overall benefit of humankind as well as the environment.


In protecting tiger reserves, we can protect so many other endangered species. Animals documented under thE IUCN (The International Union for Conservation of Nature) red list have been saved from extinction like the Asian elephant, Sumatran orangutan, Sumatran rhinoceros, and the indian elephant. In Sumatra, 100% of the orangutan and rhinoceros population have been saved, as they have been confined inside the tiger reserves, thus preventing poachers from capturing the animals, as the law clearly states that any animal inside the reserve is illegal for poaching, thus saving a whole species of animals.


As tigers are carnivores, they help keep the balance in nature. To prevent the herbivores from eating all the grass, ensuring that more herbivores can thrive, the tiger kills and eats quite a few herbivores, thus ensuring that the cycle of nature does not go unbalanced as it sometimes does. Also, to prevent the tiger from killing a large amount of herbivores, that could also upset the balance of nature, herbivores are swift and quick to react, so that when the tiger approaches, they can swiftly run away. Thus, both the tiger and the hare play a major role in the balance of nature and ensuring that the balance does not tilt in one’s favour. 


The tiger also helps in reducing the climate change of this planet! How? Well, tiger habitats help store a lot of the carbon in the world, and carbon, as you all very well know, is one of the main reasons why the earth is heating up and experiencing climate change. Well, if we were to be able to help in the making of more tiger reserves, we may as well be doing a great service to the earth!


A tiger does not only help with the natural benefits of a country, it can also help in improving the economy a lot more! How? Well, since many tiger reserves are built in villages so as to reduce their poaching, that land is essentially being conserved for this great beast, resulting in the preservation of the forest. The people in the village also help In the task of taking care of those tigers, thus giving a sharp rise in employment. The people also practice agriculture around these regions, fish from nearby lakes, and do so much more, thus proving that tigers can pay us as well.


These days, most of the pure water in india comes from the Western Ghats, a region in which six tiger reserves have been founded. These tiger reserves provide us clean water from the ghats, as well as the plateaus. In north india itself, delhi has 830 million residents dependent on the liquid from the homes of these mighty beasts. 100% of the population in india itself is dependent on the clean water of these striped creatures. Not only that, but in many other countries like Russia, Sumatra, Japan, and China, at least a quarter of the population is dependent on the tiger reserve for their sweet, pure water. Is it not right to repay them for this kind debt?


The tiger is a great animal, beneficial to all. It is a symbol of respect and honor, leadership and bravery, hence it is fitting it should bear the pride of our national animal. Not only in India, but in other places like China, the tiger holds out as a symbol of bravery and resilience to other ethnic groups. It is so well respected, that in some tribes, instead of the lion or wolf, the tiger is the leader of the jungle, the king.


The tiger helps us in so many ways, and in itself it is a being from which we should grow from, take inspiration from, not kill like some merciless hunter. We should be grateful we have such a beast as the tiger, and we should join in the struggle to save a creature such as this who has brought us so much joy. Let us all give our respect to this great animal, the tiger.

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