The moon is Earth’s only natural satellite. Its diameter is about one-quarter of the Earth. It is the fifth largest satellite in the solar system and the largest, most massive relative to its parent planet.
After many attempts ‘APOLLO 11’ of the United States was successful to land on the moon surface on 20th July 1969. Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin became the first people to step on the moon.
India’s moon journey started in 2008. Chandrayan -1 was the first Indian Lunar programme. It was launched by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in October 2008. It was operated till August 2009. It gave a major boost to the Indian space programme. The scientists were able to develop self-made technology to explore the moon. After a year the orbiter started experiencing technological issues.
The main aim for the mission was to learn about the composition of the moon.
After a decade, Chandrayan -2, was launched from Satish Dhawan SpaceCentre by ISRO on 22 July 2019. This time the objective was to map and study the variation in composition of the moon surface as well as to locate water. But unfortunately, the Lander deviated from its path while landing on 6th September 2019 and the mission was declared over.
As it is said by wise minds, failures always trigger the courage to try again and overcome our failures. Chandrayan -3 was launched on 14th July 2023 by ISRO from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh. It consists of a Lander named Pragyan rover which is similar to Chandrayaan-2 Vikram, but does not have an orbiter.
Finally, the day came when Chandrayan -3 landed on the South pole of the moon on 23rd August 2023 near about 6:04 pm evening, according to Indian Standard Time. Along with the world, we all witnessed the historical event Live from ISRO. The Lander and Pragyan landed on the moon smoothly as planned by the scientists. It was announced by the Prime Minister of our country Shri Narendra Modi that now onwards the landing point of Chandrayan-3 will be named as ”ShivShakti” Being an Indian it was a moment of pride.
Now India has become the fourth Nation in the world to land on the moon and first nation to land on the south pole of the moon. Everyday, ISRO shares new pictures and Information from the moon that is being relayed by Pragyan.
As an Indian I am highly grateful and applaud the efforts and dedication of the ISRO scientists.