‘Jharkhand’ , made up of two Hindi words – ‘jhar’ and ‘khand’ meaning ‘the land of bushes or forests’, is a state in the eastern part of our country, India . The capital of Jharkhand is Ranchi.
Around 500 BCE, Jharkhand state was a part of Magadha and Anga. During the medieval period, the region was ruled by the Chero ruler.Later, during the Mughal period, the Jharkhand area was known as Kukara. After the year 1765, it came under the control of the British Empire and became formally known under its present title, “Jharkhand”.
In 1972, there was a movement for a separate state of Jharkhand. Finally, with the support from both RJD and Congress, the ruling coalition at the Centre led by the Bharatiya Janata Party cleared the Bihar reorganisation Bill, thus paving the way for the creation of a separate Jharkhand state on 15 November 2000 on the birth anniversary of tribal leader Birsa Munda.
Jharkhand is located in the eastern part of India and is enclosed by Bihar to the northern side, Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh to the western side, Odisha to the southern part and West Bengal to the eastern part.Much of Jharkhand lies on the Chota Nagpur Plateau. Many rivers pass through the Chota Nagpur plateau. They are: Damodar, Swarnrekha river etc.
Hindi is the official language in Jharkhand. Staple foods of Jharkhand are rice, dal, vegetable and tubers. Spices are sparingly used in cuisine. Famous dishes include Chilka roti, Malpua, Pitha, Dhooska, Arsa roti, Dudhauri,and Panipuri (Gupchup).
The Sohrai and Khovar painting is a mural art form practiced by women. Sohrai painting is traditionally done at the Sohrai harvest festival, while Khovar painting is done at weddings. Film industry in the state of Jharkhand is known as Jholywood. Birsa Munda Airport is the largest domestic airport in the state.Jharkhand is known for its waterfalls, hills and holy places. Parasnath, Baidyanath Dham, and Rajrappa are major religious places.
Some important cities include the capital city, Ranchi ; the coal city , Dhanbad ; steel city Bokaro; and the industrial city , Jamshedpur. Some famous personalities born here are the famous cricketer and former captain of the Indian Cricket team, Mahendra Singh Dhoni from Ranchi city and Miss World 2000, Priyanka Chopra from Jamshedpur. Jharkhand contributes to around 40% of the total mineral resources of the country and hence is known as the mineral state of India.
Adi Johar! ( Thank You in Santali language.)